The severe outbreak of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in parts of
Africa has captured the news in the past weeks, especially because of the
transport of two Americans to Emory University for experimental treatment of
this bloodborne pathogen. While our NSC Bloodborne & Airborne Pathogens
student workbook contains brief information about this deadly virus (see page
19), we thought you would like to have more detailed information. The CDC
has just reviewed and updated its guidelines for infection prevention and
control recommendations for patients in health care facilities who have or are
suspected to have Ebola. These can be accessed via the following link:
Hochschild blew everyone’s mind by arguing that home, that once- sacred haven of rest and renewal, was in fact more stressful for people than work.
And now, researchers have the data to prove she was right.
strike most often between March and June in the central United States. But they’ve
been reported in all 48 continental states, at all times of the year. So no matter
where you live, you need to be prepared!
Seek shelter immediately!
If you’re away from home,
your best bets are basements or interior corridors of office buildings,
tunnels, underground parking lots or subways. Avoid auditoriums, upper stories
of office buildings, trailers and parked vehicles. And stay away from windows.
If you’re out in the open,
lie flat in a ditch or other low-lying area and protect your head. Stay away
from poles and overhead lines.
If you’re driving, drive
at right angles to the tornado’s path. If you can’t escape the path of the
tornado, get out of the vehicle to avoid being overturned and crushed.
If you’re at home, head
for the basement and take cover under a heavy table or workbench. If you don’t
have a basement, go into a windowless room in the center of the house. If
that’s not possible, stay away from windows and cover yourself with a rug for
protection against flying glass and debris.
A tornado watch means
conditions are right for the formation of a tornado. Stay alert, and be
prepared to take shelter.
A tornado warning means a
tornado has been spotted in your area. Take shelter immediately!
Each June, the National Safety Council celebrates National Safety Month as a time to bring attention to key safety issues. As you plan your 2014 safety calendar, please join the Council and thousands of organizations across the country reduce risk of the following safety issues:
Week 1: Prevent prescription drug abuse
Week 2: Stop slips, trips and falls
Week 3: Be aware of your surroundings
Week 4: Put an end to distracted driving
Bonus week: Summer safety
We have designed a variety of free resources to engage everyone in your organization on safety throughout the month of June. Here's a quick glance at everything available this year.
free recorded webinar, “Requirements for Conducting a National Safety
Council First Aid, CPR & AED Instructor Development Course,” is now
available. Click here to access this free webinar.
The webinar runs 58 minutes. It is intended
to provide guidance to first aid instructor trainers so that all First Aid
instructor development courses, regardless of where or by whom they are taught,
provide a strong foundation for people learning how to teach First Aid, CPR
World Allergy Week will be observed
April 7-13 this year with the theme “Anaphylaxis—When Allergies Can Be Severe
and Fatal.” This annual initiative from the World Allergy Organization is
designed to raise awareness of allergic disease and related disorders and
advocate for the provision of training and resources in the diagnosis,
management and prevention of these diseases and asthma, which are rising in
prevalence around the world. For more information, visit www.worldallergy.org/worldallergyweek.
Allergy Research and Education (FARE) has just released “Your FoodAllergy
Field Guide,” a comprehensive guide designed to help individuals and families
who are new to food allergies stay safe, avoid reactions, shop smartly and live
well with food allergies. For a free, downloadable version of the Field Guide,
go to www.foodallergy.org/field-guide .
To help get the word out and educate consumers about counterfeit first aid and CPR certification, Health & Safety Institute (HSI) put together a public service announcement website with some facts and recommendations for anyone seeking CPR training to meet their occupational requirements. HSI has forwarded us this information and we invite our First Aid training centers to add a link (http://news.hsi.com/onlineonlycpr) to the site from their own business websites. Let your customers (and potential customers) know the facts about this unfortunate practice.
The ECCU 2014 Conference
call for presentations is now open. ECCU is a biennial conference featuring current information and trends
on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Submit your ideas here before October 18, 2013 to be considered.
The 2014 theme is
"Road to the Next ECC and CPR Guidelines,” and the conference is also
focusing on Saving Lives through Community Engagement. ECCU 2014 will feature
tracks on the following topics:
• Keynote and General
Sessions: Inspiration and Information for the Whole Team
• Clinical Solutions and
Best Practices for EMS
• Clinical Solutions and
Best Practices in the Hospital
• Community: Prepare,
Respond, Survive & Thrive (CPR and AED Issues)
Instructor Tools and Training
• Latest Research and
Science: New and Emerging Concepts
Access the Call for
Presentations in its entirety here.
Four researchers from Washington State University conducted a study to determine whether students were more satisfied with American Heart Association HeartCode BLS courses or instructor-led CPR courses, and which type of post-course CPR practice improved students’ confidence to perform CPR. While the study involved nursing students, the results can be generalized to reflect CPR courses taught to lay rescuers. Here is the study abstract, taken from Pub Med.gov.
Student satisfaction and self report of CPR competency: HeartCode BLS courses, instructor-led CPR courses, and monthly voice advisory manikin practice for CPR skill maintenance.
Montgomery C, Kardong-Edgren SE, Oermann MH, Odom-Maryon T.
Washington State University, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
This study evaluated the effects of brief monthly refresher training on CPR skill retention, confidence, and satisfaction with CPR skill level of 606 nursing students from ten different US schools. Students were randomized to course type, HeartCode™ Basic Life Support (BLS) or an instructor-led (IL) course, and then randomized to a practice group, six minutes of monthly practice or no further practice. End-of-study survey results were compiled and reported as percentages. Short answer data were grouped by category for reporting. Fewer HeartCode™ BLS students were satisfied with their CPR training compared to the IL students. Students who practiced CPR monthly were more confident than students who did not practice. Monthly practice improved CPR confidence, but initial course type did not. Students were most satisfied when they participated in the IL courses and frequent practice of CPR skills.
An increase or decrease in your blood pressure during middle age can significantly impact your lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to research in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Researchers found people who maintained or reduced their blood pressure to normal levels by age 55 had the lowest lifetime risk for CVD (between 22 percent to 41 percent risk). In contrast, those who had already developed high blood pressure by age 55 had a higher lifetime risk (between 42 percent to 69 percent risk).
Using data from 61,585 participants in the Cardiovascular Lifetime Risk Pooling Project, researchers examined how changes in blood pressure during middle age affected lifetime CVD risk. Previous studies had considered a single measurement at a given age. In this study, age 55 was considered a mid-point for middle age.
Starting with baseline blood pressure readings from an average of 14 years prior, researchers tracked blood pressure changes until age 55, then continued to follow the patients until the occurrence of a first cardiovascular event (including heart attack or stroke), death or age 95.
“Taking blood pressure changes into account can provide more accurate estimates for lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease, and it can help us predict individualized risk, and thus, individualized prevention strategies,” said Norrina Allen, Ph.D., lead author of the study and assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. “Both avoiding hypertension during middle age or delaying the onset of the development of hypertension appear to have a significant impact on an individual’s remaining lifetime risk for CVD.”
Washington, DC- A Dutch study published online Monday in Annals of Emergency Medicine reports that less than half (47 percent) of people in a public place with access to an automatic external defibrillator (AED) would be willing to use it, with more than half (53 percent) unable even to recognize one ("Public Access Defibrillation: Time to Access the Public").
"An AED is only beneficial if a bystander is willing to use it when someone is in cardiac arrest,” said lead study author Patrick Schober, MD, Ph.D., of V.U. University Medical Center in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. “AEDs are increasingly available in public places, such as the train station where we conducted our survey. However, in our study, only 28 percent of participants correctly identified the AED, knew its purpose and expressed a willingness to use it.”
Just over one-third (34 percent) of participants stated that anyone is allowed to use an AED, with nearly half (49 percent) believing only trained personnel may use it. The most frequently mentioned reason given for not using an AED was not knowing how it works (69 percent), following by fear of harming the victim (14 percent). Only 6 percent of study participants spontaneously mentioned AEDs in response to a question about what should be done as quickly as possible for someone suspected of being in cardiac arrest.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a leading cause of mortality in North America and Europe. Odds of survival decline by 7 to 10 percent per minute of delay in defibrillation. AED application by bystanders saves only 1.4 lives per one million people in North America.
“AEDs are actually very easy to use, but it is obvious that the public has not gotten that message,” said Dr. Schober. “Only a minority of individuals demonstrated both knowledge and willingness to operate an AED. Wide-scale public information campaigns are an important next step to exploit the lifesavings potential of public AEDs.”