Itasca, IL – Each year, preventable injuries send nearly 27 million Americans to hospital emergency rooms for treatment and another 100,000 to early graves. The personal devastation caused by a disabling injury or injury-related death is compounded by costs that exceed $600 billion annually, or about $5,700 per household.
“The costs associated with preventable injuries are crippling individuals, families, businesses and the health care system,” said Alan C. McMillan, president and CEO of the National Safety Council. “The National Safety Council is committed to preventing and mitigating the suffering and economic loss caused by these injuries.”
In an effort to increase awareness of these staggering trends resulting from the risk of serious injuries at work, in homes and communities and on roads and highways, NSC has announced the theme for June’s National Safety Month observance: “Safety where we live, work and play.”
According to “Injury Facts,” published annually by NSC, deaths from unintentional injuries have increased 17 percent since 1992. Unintentional injury is now the No. 1 cause of death for people 1 to 39 years old and the fifth leading cause of death for all ages.
“The leading causes of preventable death and injury – car crashes, falls, poisoning, choking, fire, drowning and suffocation – are especially tragic because they are preventable,” McMillan said. “Increasing awareness of how, when, where and to whom accidents occur is the first step in reducing the risk of injury; the next step is to practice proven injury prevention.”
According to NSC, 54 percent of injury-related deaths occur in the home or community setting; only 8 percent are work-related.
“With more than half of the injury-related deaths occurring in and around the home, home is not the safe haven we think it is,” McMillan said. “We have a greater challenge protecting people from injury and death in the perceived safety and comfort of their homes than in America’s workplaces.”
Motor vehicle crashes, falls, poisonings, choking, fires, drowning and suffocation are the seven leading causes of injury-related deaths in the United States.
According to the National Center for Health Statistics, of the 27 million visits to hospital emergency rooms for unintentional injuries in 2002:
- 7 million injuries were the result of falls.
- 4.6 million injuries were suffered in motor vehicle crashes.
- 4.5 million injuries were caused by being struck by or against an object or person.
- 2.5 million injuries were caused by cutting or piercing instruments.
Data on the leading causes of nonfatal injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms also reveals:
- Motor vehicle fatalities are highest among 15- to 19-year-olds, with the greatest number of fatalities occurring to drivers between 18 and 19.
- Falls were the leading cause of injury-related death for those 78 and older and the second leading cause of death for those between 59 and 77 years old.
- Suffocation is the leading cause of death for infants younger than1 year.
- Drowning was the second leading cause of injury death for children and adolescents between 1 and 18 years old.
- Males have a higher rate of injury-related emergency room visits than females.
- Males 15-24 years old had the highest rate of injury-related emergency room visits for males (for whom ”struck by or against an object or person” was the leading cause of injury).
- Women older than 75 had the highest rate of injury-related emergency room visits for females.
“The reality is no one is immune from the risk of injury, and the risks shift with changes in your age, lifestyle and physical environment,” McMillan said. “The best defense is to know the physiological, behavioral and environmental risk factors for serious injuries, and how to minimize those risks throughout life.”
The National Safety Council (www.nsc.org) saves lives by preventing injuries and deaths at work, in homes and communities, and on the roads, through leadership, research, education and advocacy.