The National Safety Council hosted international GDL research symposiums in 2002 and 2007 to establish a science-based vision for policy and practices to improve teen driving and current GDL systems.
2002 GDL Symposium Presentations
2007 GDL Symposium Presentations
These articles compile research focused on GDL and teen driving:
2007-2010 Research Update
2006 Research Update
2004-2005 Research Update
2003 Research Update
See the "Young Drivers" section for elements of effective state GDL systems.
Shope, Journal of Safety Research, 2007. Summarized 21 studies that show GDL systems reduced novice drivers' crash risk by 20-40 percent.
Baker, Chen & Li, Pediatrics, 2006. GDL systems with at least 5 of 7 components showed a 20 percent reduction in fatal crashes involving 16-year-old drivers.