Struck-by hazards include objects ejected from a power tool – such as a nail gun – as well as rolling, moving or sliding objects, such as a moving vehicle. OSHA offers the following recommendations to help workers prevent struck-by injuries:
- Avoid heavy equipment that is being operated, and remain alert to the location of all heavy equipment regardless of whether or not it is in use.
- Stand clear of loads that are being lifted or dumped.
- Exercise caution around unbalanced loads.
- Never work under suspended loads.
- Stay outside of the swing radius of cranes and backhoes.
- Wear hard hats in areas where objects may fall from above or if any head trauma may occur because of fixed objects.
- Inspect hard hats routinely for dents, cracks or deterioration.
- Check vehicles before each shift to confirm that parts and accessories can be operated safely.
- Bulldozers and scraper blades must be lowered or blocked when not in use.
- Do not exceed the rated load or lift capacity of any vehicle.
- Use a cab shield or canopy to protect a driver hauling materials in a vehicle loaded by cranes or power shovels, and wear safety belts.
- Vehicles should only be driven on grades or roadways that are safely constructed.
- Wear protective clothing, such as red or orange vests, to ensure workers are highly visible, and wear reflective materials when working at night.
- Avoid situations in which an escape route is not available.
- Traffic should only be directed by flaggers.
- Check all warning signs.