Although OSHA has no standard regarding occupational homicide, it can be a significant risk, especially for workers in what NIOSH deems “high-risk workplaces.” These workplaces include liquor stores, taxicabs, motels, gas stations and jewelry stores.
NIOSH identifies the following risk factors for occupational homicide:
- Exchanging money with the public
- Working alone or in small groups
- Working overnight shifts
- Working in high-crime areas
- Having responsibility for guarding valuables
- Working in community settings (taxicab drivers, police officers, etc.)
NIOSH offers the following precautions to help limit the risk of homicide:
- Make high-risk areas more highly visible.
- Install adequate external lighting.
- Use drop safes to minimize the amount of cash on hand and post signs to that effect.
- Install silent alarms and surveillance cameras.
- Protect workers with bulletproof glass or enclosures.
- Increase the number of staff on duty.
- Close establishments during overnight, high-risk hours.
- Train employees in conflict resolution and non-violent response.
- Train employees not to resist a robbery.
- Have local law enforcement check on establishments regularly.