Poisons: What Parents Need to Know

Most of us live with dangerous poisons lurking in kitchen cabinets, bathrooms, basements or garages. When warning labels are ignored or chemicals fall into the wrong hands, disaster can occur.

Unintentional poisoning deaths in children are rising, according to the Consumer Products Safety Commission. This is largely from ingesting personal care products, like cosmetics or household cleaning supplies.

Make informed decisions about the type of products you bring into your home. Before you buy, read the label to make sure you know exactly what you're purchasing. Also, understand terms and definitions found on product labels:

● "Caution" indicates the lowest level of potential harm

● "Warning" indicates a higher level of potential harm, meaning someone could be seriously ill or injured

● "Danger" indicates the highest level of potential harm: tissue damage to skin, blindness, death or damage to the mouth, throat or stomach if swallowed

Living with chemicals is a reality. Understanding risk and limiting exposure are paramount to keeping your family safe.

Detergent Pods Pose Risk to Children

Detergent pods for laundry and dishwashers are attractive to infants and toddlers because they are soft and colorful and resemble candy, toys and teething products, but they are also a threat to children’s safety. In January and February 2024 alone, the American Association of Poison Control Centers managed 1,423 cases related to laundry detergent pod exposure for children 5 and younger. More than 100,000 cases have been reported since 2013.

Detergent pods can cause serious problems for children who bite into them. Many incidents require hospital treatment, sometimes in intensive care units. Effects include severe vomiting, severe breathing trouble, burns to the esophagus and coma. The liquid from detergent pods also can cause burns to the eye and skin.

Keep Button Batteries Away From Children

Coin lithium batteries, or button batteries, are little silver-colored discs that power everything from toys and electronics to watches and musical greeting cards. If swallowed or placed in the nose or ears, button batteries can cause serious injury or death.

More than 3,500 people of all ages swallow button batteries every year in the U.S. Most pass through the body and are eliminated, but sometimes they get caught in the esophagus. An electrical current can form in the body, and hydroxide, an alkaline chemical, can cause tissue burns that can be fatal.

What Can You Do to Reduce Risk?

Keep toxic products in their original packaging, and store them out of sight and out of reach of curious children.

Additionally, the Health Resources & Services Administration recommends:

● Keep all chemicals, household cleaners, medicines and potentially poisonous substances in locked cabinets or out of the reach of children

● Keep children where you can see them at all times, even when you go to answer the door or telephone

● Never leave young children alone

● Do not leave poisons on a counter or in an unlocked cabinet

● Never carry something that can be poisonous, such as a medicine, in a purse where children may find it

● Safety latches on drawers or cabinets, and child resistant caps on bottles are helpful in keeping poisons out of the hands of children

Be Prepared

Keep the National Poison Control Center number, (800) 222-1222, in your cell phone contacts. The line is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

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