It may come as a surprise that the third leading cause of unintentional injury-related death is falls. In 2014, nearly 32,000 people died in falls at home and at work – and for working adults, depending on the industry, falls can be the leading cause of death.
Hazards in the Workplace
In 2013, 595 workers died in falls from a higher level, and 47,120 were
injured badly enough to require days off of work. A worker doesn't have fall from a high level to suffer fatal injuries. While half of all fatal falls in 2013 occurred from 20 feet or lower, 11% were from less than 6 feet, according to
Injury Facts 2016®.
Construction workers are most at risk for fatal falls from height – more than seven times the rate of other industries – but falls can happen anywhere, even at a "desk job." In fact, employees are 2 ½ times more likely to suffer a disabling fall in an office setting than anywhere else, according to NSC data. In 2013, falls on the same level resulted in fewer fatalities (110) but more injuries (141,060).
NSC data for 2013 includes falls from height and falls on the same level, by industry:
- Construction: 21,890 injuries, 302 deaths
- Manufacturing: 21,430 injuries, 42 deaths
- Wholesale trade: 12,640 injuries, 25 deaths
- Retail trade: 29,690 injuries, 32 deaths
- Transportation and Warehousing: 21,970 injuries, 35 deaths
- Professional and business services: 19,300 injuries, 91 deaths
- Education and health services: 47,740 injuries, 13 deaths
- Government: 66,940 injuries, 54 deaths
Falls are 100% Preventable
Whether working from a ladder, roof or scaffolding, it's important to plan ahead, assess the risk and use the right equipment. First, determine if working from a height is absolutely necessary or if there is another way to do the task safely.
- Discuss the task with coworkers and determine what safety equipment is needed
- Make sure you are properly trained on how to use the equipment
- Scan the work area for potential hazards before starting the job
- Make sure you have level ground to set up the equipment
- If working outside, check the weather forecast; never work in inclement weather
- Use the correct tool for the job, and use it as intended
- Ensure stepladders have a locking device to hold the front and back open
- Always keep two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand on the ladder
- Place the ladder on a solid surface and never lean it against an unstable surface
- A straight or extension ladder should be 1 foot away from the surface it rests on for every 4 feet of height and extend at least 3 feet over the top edge
- Securely fasten straight and extension ladders to an upper support
- Wear slip-resistant shoes and don't stand higher than the third rung from the top
- Don't lean or reach while on a ladder, and have someone support the bottom
- Never use old or damaged equipment; check thoroughly before use
Fall Hazards at Home
Are you a weekend warrior or do-it-yourselfer? If you take on home improvement or other weekend projects, it's important to prepare yourself for physical exertion, especially if you've been sedentary through the winter months, and take extra precautions to prevent falls.
Risky projects, like installing siding, gutters or roofs, are best left to professionals. Saving money isn't worth risking a debilitating or fatal fall.
At home or at work, many of the same rules apply. When taking on a project:
- Practice all of the ladder safety tips mentioned above;
find more ladder safety information here
- Keep the work area clear of hazards and immediately clean up spills
- Read all instructions and safety precautions on your equipment
- Don't wear loose clothing that can get caught in equipment
We tend to think we're always safe on flat ground, but the thousands of injuries each year tell us otherwise.
- Falls are the #1 cause of death for older adults;
fall-proof your home if residents are older than 65
- Keep floors and surfaces clear of clutter
- Keep file cabinets and desk drawers closed
- Keep electrical and phone cords out of traffic areas
- Install handrails on stairways
- Wear sensible footwear
- Never stand on chairs, tables or any surface with wheels
- Properly arrange furniture to create open pathways
- Maintain good lighting indoors and out
More than 8.7 million people were treated in emergency rooms for fall-related injuries in 2013. A fall can end in death or disability in a split second, but with a few simple precautions, you'll be sure stay safe at home and at work.