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  • Occupational Injury and Illness FAQs



  • Complete Safety Statistics Source for More than 90 Years


    Injury Facts, published annually by the National Safety Council, includes fatal and nonfatal injury statistics in numerous categories, including occupational injuries and fatalities. Brief answers to the most frequently asked occupational injury questions can be found on the NSC website, while more complete data can be found in Injury Facts.

  • More on Occupational Injury and Illness Rates


    ​The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes average incidence rates for injuries and illnesses by NAICS code., and quartile incidence rates by industry and size of establishment. All data from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses and the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries may be found at Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.  Injury and illness frequency data and incidence rates from the BLS for selected industries also are published in Injury Facts.

  • How do I Benchmark my Company's Incidence Rates Against National Averages?


    A procedure to benchmark against national average incidence rates is given in Injury Facts 2016, on pages 76 and 77. Also, see the question on Occupational Injury and Illness Incidence Rates.
  • What are Off-the-job Injuries and why are they Important?


    ​“Off-the-job” injuries are any unintentional injury that occurs to employed people while they are not working. For example, a restaurant cook is driving to work and slides off an icy road and into a tree, suffering a sprained wrist. A truck driver cuts his hand badly while fixing dinner at home.

    If injuries of similar severity had occurred while in the restaurant or driving a truck, for example, they would have been on-the-job injuries. This is of concern to employers because NSC statistics show that for each on-the-job death due to unintentional injuries there are about 13 off-the-job deaths due to unintentional injuries. And for each on-the-job injury involving lost time there are about three off-the-job injuries. Four times as many days are lost from work due to off-the-job injuries than on-the-job injuries.

    Employers are impacted by disruptions to production and work schedules whether the injury occurred at work or away from work. See page 63 in Injury Facts 2016 for more statistics on off-the-job injuries and comparisons to on-the job injuries.

  • What is the Most Dangerous Industry?


    In terms of death rates by industry, the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector topped the death rates chart in 2014 with 24.7 fatalities per 100,000 workers, higher than mining (14.1), transportation and warehousing (12.3), and construction (9.2). See page 58 in Injury Facts 2016 for further statistics.

  • Injury Facts 2016 Book and Downloadable

    ​Available as a print and download bundle, or as a download only.

    Get the Facts

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The National Safety Council saves lives by preventing injuries and deaths at work, in homes and communities, and on the roads through leadership, research, education and advocacy.

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