Road to Zero: Doubling Down on What Works
The Road to Zero Coalition bases its work on a comprehensive, extensively researched report that lays out strategies to end roadway deaths in the US by 2050. To accomplish this goal, the report identified three primary focus areas to reduce roadway fatalities, including doubling down on what works through proven, evidence-based strategies. The Doubling Down on What Works working group of the Road to Zero Coalition has created this clearinghouse of resources related to these strategies.
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● Vehicle Engineering
● Consumer and Employer Education
● Law Enforcement, Criminal Justice
These resources aim to provide general knowledge or strategies around the topic of roadway safety.
● Developing an Effective Vulnerable Road Users (VRU) Program; Recommendations from the American Traffic Safety Services Association: 25 recommendations for an effective VRU program.
● CDC developed the Booster Seat Planning Guide to assist states, tribes, localities and territories (STLT) with assessing, planning and implementing improved booster seat laws to reduce crash injuries and deaths among children. The guide provides an overview of the public health problem of motor vehicle crashes involving children and a step-by-step approach to develop a tailored plan to prevent crash injuries and deaths among children in your STLT. After working through the steps, you will have an action plan and communication strategy. The guide also includes a brief list of resources, training aids, and links to technical assistance.
● Safe System Strategic Plan: Provides a roadmap for the advancement of the Safe System approach in the U.S., including how to advance a Safe System mindset, and the role of road system owners and operators in designing, building and operating safer roads.
● Road Safety Fundamentals (FHWA): The Road Safety Fundamentals textbook introduces fundamental concepts of road safety. These concepts cover areas such as the nature of road safety issues, human behavior in the road environment, and identifying and solving road safety problems. The goal of this book is to equip the reader with a broad base of knowledge about road safety.
● National Center for Rural Road Safety: This is an online resource with technical assistance, training, conference participation, research noteworthy practices to empower rural road owners with a holistic approach to reducing crashes, injuries, and fatalities. It aims to address all the factors that influence safety or contribute to crashes, including the road user, road, vehicle, and safety culture and accomplishing a multidisciplinary approach, involving the 4Es: engineering, education, EMS, and enforcement.
● Transportation Safety Planning and the Zero Deaths Vision: A Guide for Metropolitan Planning Organizations and Local Communities (FHWA) This guide will assist metropolitan planning organizations, local communities, and affiliated transportation agencies and stakeholders to use the safety planning process to work toward the zero deaths vision. The guide provides a step-by-step process to develop, implement and evaluate a regional or local safety plan, and highlights noteworthy practices. It presents safety considerations necessary in the safety planning process to reach the zero deaths goal. It also shows how safety practitioners engage in safety planning efforts; analyze data; set goals and targets to facilitate a performance-based planning approach; identify strategies to address safety challenges; prepare a document that presents the plan; and evaluate the effectiveness of the plan.
● Initiatives and Strategies for Achieving Zero Deaths:
Road to Zero Coalition Strategy Document (National Focus)
Towards Zero Deaths (State Focus)
Vision Zero (Local Focus)
These resources aim to provide strategies, resources, and information around the topic of speed management and the critical role it plays in reducing roadway fatalities.
● Speed Safety Camera Program Planning and Operations Guide (NHTSA, FHWA): This report focuses on the use of speed cameras, in response to growing demand from state and government partners – including law enforcement – for best practices in planning and operation of these devices which can complement traditional enforcement techniques.
● Noteworthy Speed Management Practices (FHWA): This report summarizes eight case studies that highlight noteworthy practices over a range of speed management issues.
● Speed Management Safety (FHWA): This is an online list of many resources related to speed management from tools, facts and statistics, and speed limits to reference materials and ongoing research.
● Speed Management Toolkit (FHWA): A three-part toolkit which includes a comprehensive speed management bibliography, tables of speed management countermeasures with expected crash or speed effects; and tip sheets for communications programs.
● Speed Management Reference Materials (FHWA): This is a list of reference materials including speed concepts, speed management case studies, compilation of good practices, action plans, toolkit and more.
● Speed Management Guidebook (FHWA) - for local rural road owners: This document is intended to provide local road practitioners with information on how to address speeding-related crashes through the implementation of a comprehensive Speed Management Program.
● Traffic Calming Eprimer (FHWA): A free, online resource openly available for public use, the ePrimer presents a thorough review of current traffic calming practice and contains the information needed to understand this complex field. The ePrimer is presented in eight distinct modules developed to allow the reader to move between each to find the desired information, without a cover-to-cover reading.
These resources provide strategies, resources, and information around the intersection of streets design and roadway safety.
● Achieving Multimodal Networks: Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts (FHWA): For practitioners seeking to build multimodal transportation networks, this publication highlights ways that planners and designers can apply the design flexibility in current national design guidance to address common roadway design challenges and barriers. It focuses on reducing multimodal conflicts and achieving connected networks so walking and bicycling are safe, comfortable and attractive options for people of all ages and abilities.
● Guide for Improving Pedestrian Safety at Uncontrolled Crossing Locations (FHWA): Assists state or local transportation or traffic safety departments that are considering developing a policy or guide to support the installation of countermeasures at uncontrolled pedestrian crossing locations.
These case studies are examples of strategies and countermeasures being put into place to improve roadway safety for all users.
● Road to Zero Grantee Final Reports: These final reports showcase the work of the Road to Zero Innovation Grant awardees.
● Vision Zero Case Studies: These case studies demonstrate the success of Vision Zero programs across the US and strategies used to achieve safer streets.
● Roadway Safety Noteworthy Practices Database (FHWA): State and local highway agencies are implementing data-driven practices to successfully address roadway safety planning, implementation, and evaluation challenges. These practices have the capacity to reduce staff time, save money and other resources – with the goal of reducing roadway fatalities and serious injuries. Practitioners can search for practices by topic, by state, by publication year and key words.
These resources provide information and examples of countermeasures that can be used to improve roadway safety.
● Topic-specific Fact Sheets:
Distracted Driving in the United States
Drug-impaired Driving in the United States
Building a Data Linkage Program for Nonfatal Crash Surveillance
Tribal Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention: Best Practices Guide
Tribal Communities Fact Sheets
Linking Information for Nonfatal Crash Surveillance (LINCS)
● Proven Safety Countermeasures (FHWA): The PSC contains certain infrastructure-oriented safety treatments and strategies, chosen based on proven effectiveness and benefits, to encourage widespread implementation by State, tribal, and local transportation agencies to reduce serious injuries and fatalities on American highways.
● Safe Transportation for Every Pedestrian (FHWA): Online resource that offers countermeasures to improve pedestrian crossing locations and reduce crashes: road diets, pedestrian hybrid beacons (PHBs), pedestrian refuge islands, raised crosswalks, crosswalk visibility enhancements, rectangular rapid rlashing beacons (RRFB), and leading pedestrian intervals (LPIs).
The Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS), offered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, helps to provide evaluation and analysis of projects, resources, and countermeasures related to roadway safety.