Boating Safety

Small Efforts Make Big Difference in Recreational Boating Safety

There are over 11 million registered boats in the United States. Most boating experiences are positive – the stuff memories are made of. But the most joyful times quickly can turn deadly if boaters are not vigilant about safety – at all times. 

One of three things usually happens when a good day on the water turns tragic, according to the U.S. Coast Guard:

  • A passenger falls overboard
  • A boat capsizes
  • A boat collides with another boat or object

In 2017, the U.S. Coast Guard counted 4,291 boating incidents that involved 658 deaths, 2,629 injuries and about $46 million of damage to property. 

Perils of Falling in Frigid Water

Hypothermia can set in if a person is exposed to water less than 70 degrees for too long. The body cools 25 times faster in cold water than in cold air, according to the Personal Flotation Device Manufacturers Association. In June 2015, a Utah doctor, his two daughters and one of their friends died in the frigid waters of Bear Lake, about 120 miles north of Salt Lake City, after their boat capsized. Lance Capener reportedly swam to shore with his wife, Kathryn, only to perish when he went back for the girls. Two other teenage girls survived by massaging cramps out of each other's arms and legs and praying while waiting for help to arrive. All were wearing life jackets, but their body temperatures plummeted in the 53-degree water and 70-mph winds.

Just Wear It

Life jackets are the lifeblood of safe boating. The U.S. Coast Guard reports 76% of boating deaths in 2017 were due to drowning, and 84.5% of the victims were not wearing a life jacket. The good news is, comfortable – and stylish – Coast Guard-approved life jackets are widely available. The Wear It campaign promotes boating safety by encouraging boaters to wear life jackets all the time. Before setting sail, review a pre-departure checklist to ensure you have everything you need in your boat, including a tool box and first-aid kit. Once on the water, use common sense. In a split second, a situation can arise or the weather can turn. If you notice storm clouds, a sudden temperature drop or wind speed increasing, the best advice is to play it safe. Get off the water.

Get Educated, Reduce Risks

The National Safe Boating Council promotes safer recreational boating through education, outreach and training. In 2017, Coast Guard data indicates 81% of deaths occurred on boats where the operator had no boating safety instruction. By comparison, 14% of deaths occurred where the operator had received a nationally approved boating safety education certificate. To further reduce risk, the Coast Guard offers these tips:

The extra effort that goes into taking these kinds of precautions will help create fun-filled adventures for you and your family on the water.

Water Sports Safety Tips

  • Skiing, tubing and wake-boarding are popular water sports, but they also can be dangerous. 
    Nationwide Children's Hospital says wakeboarders are more likely to have a traumatic brain injury than water skiers. The hospital offers this safety checklist for safe water skiing and wakeboarding:
    • Learn how to get up out of the water and how to safely use the tow rope
    • Always have a spotter in the boat, and go over basic hand signals
    • Be sure the boat operator is licensed and experienced with the boat and the body of water
    • Only water ski and wakeboard during daylight
    • Always wear a Coast Guard-approved life jacket

    Coast Guard data shows 46 people were killed and 624 injured using personal watercraft in 2017, ranking second behind motorboat injuries and deaths (1,672). Canoe and kayak incidents were listed fourth, at 245. Discover Boating published a list of 10 tips for safety in boating and water sports, including
    • Never go swimming or diving alone
    • Supervise children at all times
    • Let people know where you are going
    • Follow the rules of the lake, river or sea
  • Get Close to Nature by Canoeing Safely

    Canoeing is a great way to stay in shape or just relax and taken in the scenery, but be sure to paddle on a lake or river that matches your skill level.Canoeing Safety Tips