Holidays Peak Time for Cooking Fires

Do You Know How to Use a Fire Extinguisher?

For more information about fire extinguisher use, check out this article from Family Safety & Health magazine.

Be Alert in the Kitchen

Cooking equipment is the leading cause of home structure fires and fire injuries, and Thanksgiving is the peak day for home cooking fires (followed by Christmas Day and Christmas Eve), according to the National Fire Protection Association.

Make fire safety a priority this holiday season. Whether you are cooking for two or 22, keep these safety tips in mind:

  • Never leave food unattended; this is the leading contributor to cooking fires
  • Plan activities to keep children out of the kitchen altogether during this busy time
  • Make sure smoke detectors are working and a fire extinguisher is nearby
  • Learn the different types of fire extinguishers and how to use them (not all will work on every fire)
  • Don't deep-fry your turkey; the Consumer Product Safety Commission has reported hundreds of injuries and millions of dollars in property damage from turkey fryer-related fires
  • If you must have fried turkey, use a professional establishments or an oil-less turkey fryer

Keep Your Home Safe

In addition to cooking, other top causes of fire include smoking, electrical problems and children playing with fire and candles. The good news: Over the past several decades, deaths from home structure fires in the U.S. have steadily gone down – from 5,822 in 1980 to 2,730 in 2016, according to Injury Facts

But even one death from a preventable fire is too many. While fire doesn't discriminate by age, it is the third leading cause of death for children ages 1 to 14. In 2016, 146 children in this age group died from fire and smoke inhalation.

Keep your home safe from fire:

The U.S. Fire Administration offers these additional tips to keep children safe from fire and burns:

  • Keep children 3 feet away from anything hot, like candles, space heaters and stove-tops
  • Keep smoking materials locked up in a high place; never leave cigarette lighters or matches where children can reach them
  • Never play with lighters or matches when you are with your children; they may try to imitate you

Practice Home Fire Drills

Smoke alarms are a family's first indication of a fire. But once that alarm sounds a fire can spread quickly, leaving only a minute or two to escape. That's why it's so important to have a plan and practice it.

A home fire is reported every 86 seconds, according to the NFPA. Despite this threat, families rarely practice home fire drills, and nearly half of parents report their children do not know what to do in the event of a fire.

Home Fire Drill Day, a safety observance developed by Nationwide in partnership with NSC and other organizations, is held at the end of Fire Prevention Week each year in October. But families can practice home fire drills any time and take advantage of tools and resources offered at HomeFireDrillDay.com, including:

  • Step-by-step instructions for doing a home fire drill
  • Games to make the experience memorable for kids
  • Worksheet to help you draw a floor plan of your home
  • Video of a fire drill in action
  • Family pledge to practice a home fire drill twice a year
  • Downloadable fire safety resources to share with friends and family
  • Link to download the free Make Safe Happen mobile app that puts home fire drill instructions, including a drill timer, in the palm of your hand

Practice as a family, take the pledge to practice home fire drills twice a year, and encourage others to take the pledge.

How Severe is the Burn?

The Centers for Disease Control reports there are three types of burns:

  • First-degree only affects the top layer of skin
  • Second-degree destroys top layer of skin and partially damages the second layer
  • Third-degree burns affect the inner-most layer of skin

If you don't know how severe a burn is, call 911 or seek medical treatment. Click here for more information on first-aid for burns.

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