Repair and Maintenance - National Safety Council

Repair and Maintenance

12% of Non-roadway Fatalities*

Repair and maintenance includes work associated with the repairing, replacing, routine care and upkeep of a structure, vehicle, machinery, device, etc. This type of work often involves the skills or two or more maintenance or craft occupations, such as plumbing, pipe fitting, welding, machining, carpentry, insulting and more.**

Survey says: The NSC 2020 Safety Technology in the Workplace Survey shows: 44% of workers surveyed reported exposure to dangerous repair and maintenance tasks, and 27% said repair and maintenance tasks have caused or contributed to a serious injury in their workplace.

The information in each section below is listed in the order of relevance to the hazardous situation.


Situational risks – inherent to the situation or proximate cause of injury
  • Machine energization
  • Struck by machinery
  • Entangled in machinery
  • Electrocution/arc flash
  • Fall to lower level
Systemic risks – contribute to injury but are not direct causes
  • Lack of training or supervision
  • Fatigue
  • Machinery malfunction
  • Permit to work failure
  • Engineering failure
  • Machine guard failure
Relevant Technology Solutions
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